A Civil War Biography

Charles Carroll Walcutt

Walcutt was born 12 February 1838 in Columbus, Ohio. He graduated from the Kentucky Military Institute in 1858 then worked as a surveyor in central Ohio.

Once the war started in April of 1861, Walcutt raised a company of Ohio volunteers. He was initially frustrated in his attempt to help preserve the Union because Ohio had already provided its quota and the Federal government would not accept new units into Federal service. Walcutt helped organize the 46th Ohio Infantry and was appointed a major in the regiment on 16 October 1861. After an expedition to Yellow Creek, Mississippi the 46th moved to Pittsburgh Landing. When the Confederates attacked the Union positions around the landing in what is best known as the Battle of Shiloh, Walcutt, now a lieutenant colonel, remained with his regiment in spite of a minie ball hitting his left shoulder. The bullet would remain in his shoulder the rest of his life.

Walcutt was promoted to colonel in October 1862 after recovering from his wound. He took part in the siege of Vicksburg and the capture of Jackson, Mississippi. He commanded the 2nd Brigade 4th Division XV Corps at Missionary Ridge, during the attempts to relieve Knoxville, and during the Atlanta campaign. On 30 July 1864 Walcutt was promoted to brigadier general. He commanded the 2nd Brigade 1st Division XV Corps during Sherman's March to the Sea. Walcutt was wounded at Griswoldville, Georgia on 22 November 1864 while leading his brigade along with two regiments of cavalry in a demonstration towards Macon, Georgia. The brigade, after driving elements of Joseph Wheeler's cavalry beyond Griswoldville, withstood three determined attacks by three brigades of Georgia militia. It was for this action that O.O. Howard wrote his praise of Walcutt.

He was brevetted major general of volunteers on 13 March 1865 shortly after he returned to active duty after recovering from his wound. Walcutt led the 1st Division XIV Corps during the Grand Review in Washington DC. He mustered out of the service in January 1866, returning briefly as a lieutenant colonel in the 10th US Cavalry, one of the units recruited from freed slaves who became famous as the "Buffalo Soldiers". Walcutt then became warden of the Ohio State Penitentiary. In 1869 he was appointed a collector of internal revenue by President Ulysses S. Grant. Walcutt was elected to two terms as mayor of Columbus, Ohio serving from 1883 until 1886. He died on 2 May 1898 in Omaha, Nebraska.

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