A Civil War Biography
George Hume Steuart
Steuart was born 24 August 1828 in Baltimore, Maryland. He graduated
from West Point, 37th in the class of 1848, and was assigned to
frontier duty with the cavalry mostly fighting Indians. He was part
of the US Army's 1857-1858 Utah expedition.
Although Maryland was forcibly kept from seceding from the Union,
Steuart resigned his commission on 22 April 1861, and entered
Confederate service as a captain in the cavalry. When the 1st
Maryland cavalry formed that May, Steuart was named the regiment's
lieutenant colonel. In July, after fighting at First Manassas,
Steuart was promoted to colonel and regimental commander. He was
promoted to brigadier general in early March 1862 and commanded a
brigade in Richard S. Ewell's division during "Stonewall" Jackson's
Shenandoah Valley campaign.
On 8 June 1862 Steuart was severely wounded at Cross Keys and would
not return to the Confederate army until the following May. When he
did return, he was given command of a brigade in Edward Johnson's
division. Steuart was nicknamed "Maryland" because of his devotion.
In mid-June 1863 when the Army of Northern Virginia crossed into
Maryland on its way to Gettysburg, Steuart jumped off his horse,
kissed his native soil and stood on his head.
He led the brigade at Gettysburg, during the Wilderness and at
Spotsylvania where he along with his division commander, Johnson,
were captured in the Mule Shoe. Steuart refused to shake Winfield S.
Hancock's hand who he knew from his days in the US Army and snapped
at a major who offered him a horse to ride to the rear. Steuart was
sent to Charleston, South Carolina and was eventually exchanged in
the summer of 1864. He commanded a brigade in George Pickett's
division during the Petersburg campaign, at Five Forks, and at
Sayler's Creek before surrendering with the army at Appomattox.
He returned to Maryland, where he farmed and served as commander of
the Maryland division of the United Confederate Veterans. He died at
the age of 75 on 22 November 1903 at South River, Maryland. He is
buried in Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore along with several other
Confederate generals including Joseph Eggleston Johnson. John Wilkes
Booth, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln, along with a couple
conspirators are also buried in Green Mount.
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