A Civil War Biography
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
.Sullivan was born 1 October 1830 in Madison, Indiana. He joined the
navy as a midshipman in 1848 and served aboard four different ships,
the USS Savannah, the USS Vincennes, the USS Constitution, and the
USS San Jacinto, until 1854 when he resigned while serving at
Annapolis. The son of an Indiana supreme court justice, Sullivan
decided to follow his father and studied the law then opened a
practice. When the war began Sullivan helped form the 6th Indiana
Volunteer infantry, a three-month regiment, and was appointed
captain on 18 April 1861. The 6th saw action on 3 June at Philippi
in western Virginia before its enlistment expired. On 19 June
Sullivan was named colonel of the 13th Indiana. This new three-year
regiment was also sent to western Virginia where it saw action at
Rich and Cheat Mountains. Sullivan commanded a brigade at the 23
March 1862 battle at Kernstown. He was appointed brigadier general
of volunteers to rank from 28 April and sent west taking command of
the 2nd brigade, 3rd division, Army of the Mississippi on 20 June.
He led his brigade at Iuka and Corinth, Mississippi but for some
unknown reason relinquished his command at the latter. He was
assigned to district command at Jackson, Tennessee and commanded the
Union forces that attempted unsuccessfully to subdue Nathan B.
Forrest's Confederates operating in the area. During the early
stages of the Vicksburg campaign he served as acting inspector
general on the staff of Ulysses S. Grant.
After Vicksburg Sullivan was was appointed chief of staff of James
McPherson's XV Corps and remained in that position until being sent
back to the eastern theater. Beginning 18 September 1863 he
commanded a division assigned to guard the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad in the Department of West Virginia. The department was
under the command of Sullivan's father-in-law, Benjamin F. Kelley.
After performing poorly commanding his division at the Union
disasters at New Market and Lynchburg, Virginia Sullivan was
succeeded by George Crook and never again given a significant
assignment. Sullivan resigned on 11 May 1865. Following the war
Sullivan settled in Maryland before moving to Oakland, California in
1878 where he worked as a clerk. He died 21 October 1890 in Oakland.
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