A Civil War Biography
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
Sanders was born 4 April 1840 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He entered the
University of Alabama in 1860 but resigned when Alabama seceded.
He joined the 11th Alabama and was elected captain of a company. The
11th didn't see its first action until Seven Pines. During the Seven
Days' campaign Sanders was severely wounded at White Oak Swamp on 30
June 1862. He returned to duty on 11 August and was named commander
of the regiment. He commanded the regiment at Sharpsburg after which
he was promoted to colonel, at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and
Gettysburg where he was wounded. He served as president of the
division court martial while recuperating then returned to
regimental command in the spring of 1864. He commanded the 11th
during the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania, taking over command of
the brigade when Abner M. Perrin was killed. Sanders was
commissioned brigadier general to date from 31 May. He commanded a
brigade of veteran Alabama regiments at Petersburg leading a
countercharge on 30 July after Pennsylvania miners exploded a mine
under the Confederate lines creating the crater. While engaged along
the Weldon railroad on 21 August 1864 Sanders was mortally wounded.
A bullet passed through his thighs severing both his femoral
arteries. He bled to death in a few minutes.
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