A Civil War Biography
Lewis Addison Grant
Grant was born on 17 January 1828 in Winhall, Vermont. A
self-educated lawyer, he taught and practiced law before the war.
He was mustered into service as a major in the 5th Vermont Infantry
regiment on 15 August 1861 at Bellow Falls, Vermont. He was promoted
to lieutenant colonel on 25 September 1861 and commanded the 5th Vt.
which was attached to the 2nd brigade of the 2nd division VI Corps
during the Seven Days. He was promoted to colonel on 16 September
1862 and led the 5th Vt. at Fredericksburg where he was wounded.
He was given command of the 2nd brigade / 2nd division / VI Corps,
the "Old Vermont Brigade" consisting of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th , 5th ,
and 6th Vermont regiments prior to Chancellorsville and would retain
that command until the end of the war seeing action at Gettysburg,
the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, during the Shenandoah
Valley campaign, at Cedar Creek, and at Petersburg where he again
was wounded. Grant was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers
on 27 April 1864. He was brevetted major general of volunteers on 19
October 1864. Grant mustered out of the service on 24 August 1865
and moved to Chicago.
In 1890 he was appointed Assistant Secretary of War in the
administration of Benjamin Harrison, serving as acting Secretary of
War in 1891 for six weeks from 5 November until 17 December. Grant
also served in Grover Cleveland's cabinet. On 11 May 1893 Grant was
awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Salem Heights,
Virginia on 3 May 1864. The citation reads: "Personal gallantry and
intrepidity displayed in the management of his brigade and in
leading it in the assault in which he was wounded." Grant died on 20
March 1918 in Minneapolis, Minnesota at the age of 90.
Return to Biography Index