Tuesday July 2 1861
CONSTITUTION CONTRACTS CONSIDERABLE CALAMITY
The right of habeas corpus is so basic to America that it is
enshrined in the Constitution. Including such features as protection
from arrest without specific charge, right to reasonable bail and
the like, it went straight out the window today. President Lincoln,
in what would become one of the most controversial actions of the
war years, today authorized Winfield Scott, Commanding General of
the US Army, to suspend this right as he saw fit anywhere between
Washington and New York. Many saw the suspension of civil liberties
as the first step down the road to tyranny and the failure of the
American experiment in democracy.
Wednesday July 2 1862
MALVERN MARAUDERS MAKE MCCLELLAN MOPE
And on the eight day (after the series of battles which became known
as the Seven Days) Gen. George McClellan would no doubt have liked
to have rested, as would his men of the Army of the Potomac.
Unfortunately although the battle was over the retreat was not. The
army marched from Malvern Hill to Hampton Roads. The advantage of
this position was that Union gunboats in the James River could
provide covering fire for the entire force, both flanks. Lee’s
forces were mostly too tired to attack anyway, except for cavalry
attacks on infantrymen.
Thursday July 2 1863
DUAL DILEMMAS DETERMINE DESTINY
Hundreds of books have been written about the Battle of Gettysburg;
dozens about various aspects of this, the Second Day, alone.
Meanwhile, the end of the Siege of Vicksburg was drawing very near.
Attempts by the Confederacy to break reinforcements through Grant’s
lines had failed, and supplies were running low. Mule meat was
beginning to seem tasty, considering that the alternative was to eat
rats. Negotiations were proposed.
Saturday July 2 1864
HARPERS HAVEN HORRIBLY HARASSED
Harper’s Ferry, at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah
Rivers and at the bottom of steep bluffs, is also where Maryland,
Virginia and the new state of West Virginia come together. It was
fought over repeatedly and changed hands more than once. It was
under threat again today from the forces of Jubal Early. The
Confederate general, head of virtually the only remaining Rebel
force able to move, was in Winchester today. There was skirmishing
on Bolivar Heights.
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