Saturday July 20 1861
PREPARATIONS PRECEDE PRECIPITOUS PERIL
Generals on both sides maneuvered their forces today and made their
plans for a battle to be fought on the fields of north Virginia
almost in sight of Washington. From Centerville, from Winchester,
from the Shenandoah Valley came the Confederates. Joseph Johnston
was their commander, and he planned an attack on the Federal left.
Federal commander McDowell, whose men had been retreating from
Centerville in terrible heat with little water or rations, likewise
planned to attack his enemy’s left. Near the little town of Manassas
ran the creek called Bull Run.
Sunday July 20 1862
SEVERAL SKIRMISHES SHATTER SUNDAY SILENCE
No major battles took place anywhere today, which meant that most
armies spent the day marching away from the last one and towards the
next. Many men would no doubt have preferred fighting to walking
much further, especially as hard use had wreaked havoc on the
clothing and shoe supplies of both sides. One private of the 15th
Illinois Volunteer Infantry was mortified to have to march through
Memphis, Tenn., with his handkerchief tucked in his belt to cover
the hole in the back of his pants. Minor skirmishes took place in
the West, at Greenville and Taberville, Mo., and Gaines Landing,
Ark, as well as Hatchie Bottom, Miss.
Monday July 20 1863
CINCINNATI CHAMBER CANS CULTURAL COWARDS
In our study of the War Between the States it would be a mistake to
concentrate so hard on battles and campaigns that we forget about
the civilians. As in all countries in wartime there was the normal
work of daily life to get done, crops to raise, books to balance and
business in general to tend to. There was also a desire to
contribute to the war effort, though, and today the Cincinnati
Chamber of Commerce took a stand as their contribution. They
expelled 33 members from the organization for refusing to take an
oath of loyalty to the Union. How many of these were actual
Confederate sympathizers is not recorded.
Wednesday July 20 1864
HOOD HURLS HIDEOUS HURT, HASSLES HARDEE
Gen. John Bell Hood, CSA, had done little but retreat from Gen.
George “Old Slow Trot” Thomas, so today Hood decided to attack. It
was a miserable failure, costing him nearly 25% of his force of
20,000, while inflicting only 1800 casualties on the Union men. His
only really creative act of the day was shifting blame for the mess
to Gen. William Hardee, claiming he was late and his men did not
fight hard enough.
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