Tuesday Oct. 8 1861
AILING ANDERSON ABDICATES ASSIGNMENT
Brig. Gen. Robert Anderson had been a lowly colonel when he
commanded Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor last year. Caught between
the rock of Carolina’s demand that he leave and the hard place of
Federal refusal to allow it, he had not been at all comfortable
bearing the weight of the burdens of history. Subsequently promoted
and named to command the Federal Department of the Cumberland, his
health had declined both mentally and physically ever since. His
request for a medical leave was granted today as he had suffered a
complete nervous breakdown. He never returned to active service.
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman was named his replacement. The job
would not be good for his mental health either.
Wednesday Oct. 8 1862
CURIOUS CONDITIONS CLOUD KENTUCKY CLASH
One of the few major battles of the War to occur in Kentucky took
place today, along the Chaplin Hills above Doctor’s Creek near the
small town of Perryville. The Union army
under Buell battled the Confederate forces of Bragg, or at least
parts of them did. In part because of the hills, in part because of
odd atmospheric conditions which occasionally occurred during
battles, the sound of even ferocious fighting sometimes could not be
heard close by, while being clearly audible far away. As a result,
units of both armies never knew the battle was in progress and did
not become involved. In one sense it was a Confederate victory since
Buell was the first to retreat. In another sense it was a win for
the Union, as the Confederacy never again tried to invade Kentucky.
Thursday Oct. 8 1863
PRIMARILY PEACEFUL PERIOD PASSES
No big battles or major actions occurred in the War today. This did
not signal any outbreak of pacifistic tendencies, just that nobody
was in position to do much damage to anything. All that could be
found in the way of militarism were a couple of skirmishes in
Virginia, at Robertson’s River and James City to be precise. In the
perpetual hotbed of East Tennessee, there was a Federal
reconnaissance to Olympian Springs, Kentucky.
Saturday Oct. 8 1864
SEA KING SHEDS SAILING PSEUDONYM
A lovely new steamship departed the docks of London today, the name
Sea King painted on her stern and printed on her papers. Another
vessel, the S.S. Laurel departed the same docks at the same time.
They both just happened to be bound for Madeira Island in the
mid-Atlantic. There some sleight-of-hand would take place.
Passengers on the Laurel included Lt. James I. Waddell of the
Confederate States Navy and a large number of seamen in the same
employ. Cargo on the Laurel included a large number of un-mounted
guns, gunpowder suitable for Navy cannons, and other provisions for
a long sea voyage. In Madeira a swap would be made, with Waddell and
his erstwhile co-passengers taking charge of the Sea King and
mounting the cannons on her decks and stocking her with the
provisions. The last act would be to change her name, and the last
great Confederate commerce raider, Shenandoah, would be in business.
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