Saturday Nov. 23 1861
PENSACOLA POUNDING PAINFULLY PROCEEDS
At this time of year the weather in the better-known centers of
fighting tends to get downright nasty. Difficult as it may be for an
army to fight when they have insufficient protection from cold, it
becomes downright impossible when the artillery can’t move because
the roads are half-frozen mud from fall rains and snows. At these
times more action shifts to far-Southern action, as in one in
Florida today. Pensacola was the scene. There were Confederate
installations ashore. There was also a Union outpost, which was
known as Fort Pickens. In concert with two Union gunboats, the USS
Niagara and USS Richmond which were operating in the area, Fort
Pickens’ guns were opened up on the Southern fortifications. Targets
included Fort McRee, Fort Barrancas, and the Pensacola Navy Yard.
The bombardment continued for two days, but the results were
negligible on either side.
Sunday Nov. 23 1862
FREDERICKSBURG FEUDING FOUND FUTILE
Despite the difficulty of conducting military operations in northern
Virginia in the wintertime, US Gen. Ambrose Burnside was under
orders to do something of a hostile nature towards the forces of
Robert E. Lee. For this reason the Army of the Potomac, instead of
going into winter quarters, were going on a trip to the Rappahannock
River. They had been arriving over the course of the last few days
on the heights of Falmouth. Facing them on the high bluff called
Marye’s Heights was James Longstreet’s corps of the Army of Northern
Virginia, more of whom were also arriving daily. Huddled between the
two, down towards the river, were the apprehensive residents of
Fredericksburg. Burnside now called on the city to surrender,
threatening to cannonade the town. The city’s mayor, neither able
nor inclined to comply, requested time to remove the young, old,
sick, and female residents. Burnside subordinate Gen. E.V. Sumner
agreed today, as long as no “hostile demonstrations” were made.
Monday Nov. 23 1863
CHATTANOOGA CAMPAIGN CONFLICT COMMENCES
The Union men of the Army of the Cumberland, bottled up for so long
in Chattanooga, were finally fed, supplied and strengthened, and
today went on the long-awaited offensive. Under Gen. George H.
Thomas two corps left Ft. Wood for Orchard Knob. This rocky
formation was about a mile in front of the main Confederate line on
another, much larger outcropping known as Missionary Ridge.
Principle actors in this offensive were division commanders Maj.
Gen. Philip H. Sheridan and Brig. Gen. T. J. Wood, and their
onslaught was such that Orchard Knob was by nightfall in Union
hands, with few casualties incurred. The defending General Braxton
Bragg and his Army of Tennessee fell back to the more heavily
defended lines in the rear, not knowing that Gen. William T. Sherman
would send a brigade over the Tennessee River near S. Chickamauga
Creek overnight to establish a foothold and build a bridge.
Wednesday Nov. 23 1864
HARDEE HANDED HOPELESS HURDLE
The March to the Sea of William T. Sherman was well underway, with
the first leg from Atlanta to the capital of Milledgeville
accomplished. This was not done totally without opposition;
skirmishes occurred there, along with others at Balls Ferry, and at
the bridge of the Georgia Central Railroad on the Oconee River.
These were isolated and ineffectual actions, though, in the absence
of an overall commander and plan of attack. This job was today
handed to Gen. William J. Hardee. This poor fellow, lacking
communications with what scattered forces lay in front of Sherman,
would not have known what to tell them if he could, since he had no
idea what route the enemy planned to take.
Choose a different date