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 Posted: Thu Jun 19th, 2008 06:14 pm
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Texas Defender
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Hank C-

  Lincoln's purpose in prosecuting the war was to preserve the Union. He himself said that freeing slaves where slavery existed was not his purpose- at least until 1863 when political considerations resulted in the EP.

  The people in the south in 1860 and 1861 should have been protected by the US Constitution. I would maintain that by not forbidding secession, the Constitution allowed it. As you say, that disagreement was why the war was fought.

  Your contention that: "250,000 former slaves served against the south" is not correct. There were maybe 200,000 total in USCT units. Perhaps half of them were former slaves.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

  Since Mr. Lincoln refused to accept secession, there was a war. It didn't matter what the southerners did after announcing secession. What happened with federal property before and including Ft. Sumter only served Mr. Lincoln's purpose of inflaming public opinion in the north to prosecute the war against the southern states. But since Mr. Lincoln was determined to preserve the Union by any means, war would have happened even if the southerners never touched any federal property.

  Re: "President Johnson freeing the slaves," he really didn't. The ones in the south were at least legally freed by the EP. (Though most folks here in Texas didn't even know of it until June 19, 1865.). It was the 13th Amendment that freed the few slaves left in the north. As I recall, the last slaves to be freed were a few who were living in NJ on December 6, 1865.

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