|View single post by Texas Defender|
|Posted: Sun Mar 3rd, 2013 04:54 pm||
| Topics relating the naval subjects are seldom seen in this forum, but the recent introduction of the subject of crewmen of the USS MONITOR has inspired me to introduce a man who is little known today but who made a profound contribution to the cause of the Confederacy.
JAMES DUNWOODY BULLOCH COVERT CONFEDERATE by Ted Fisher
James Dunwoody Bulloch (1823-1901) was from Georgia. As a teenager, he was appointed a midshipman in the US Navy, where he served for 15 years, rising to the rank of Lieutenant.
In 1854, Lieutenant Bulloch resigned his commission and went to work for a NYC shipping company (Cromwell Steam Co.). He oversaw the building of ships and also operated steamers that ran from NYC to Havana to New Orleans, and back.
The beginning of the war in 1861 found Mr. Bulloch in New Orleans, operating the mail steamer BIENVILLE. While his loyalty was to the state of Georgia, Bulloch refused to surrender his ship in New Orleans, stating that he was duty bound to return it to its owners in NYC. Eventually, he was allowed to proceed, and he delivered the ship safely to NYC.
Mr. Bulloch had been contacted by then CSA Attorney General Judah Benjamin, who asked him to join the CSA cause. After leaving the BIENVILLE in NYC, Mr. Bulloch met with CSA Secretary of the Navy, Stephen Mallory. Bulloch was offered a commission as a commander in the CSN, which he accepted. Much to his disappointment, he wasn't given command of a ship (The CSN had none of note at that time).
Mr. Mallory decided that Commander Bulloch was uniquely qualified to be sent to Europe as a purchasing agent to acquire ships there.. Bulloch arrived in Liverpool in June of 1861. There he made a connection with Fraser, Trenholm, and Co., a firm that operated blockade runners. He also set in motion operations that would result in the purchase, building, and sailing of, among others, the most famous CSN cruisers, which included the CSS ALABAMA, the CSS FLORIDA, and the CSS SHENANDOAH.
The CSN cruisers had a devastating effect on US commerce at sea. The three ships mentioned above captured or destroyed 143 US ships, and caused many more to shift to foreign flags. US diplomacy, however, was eventually able to limit Mr. Bulloch's ability to procure ships. When the war ended in Confederate defeat in 1865, Bulloch was not offered amnesty. He did not request a pardon. He remained in Liverpool and became a cotton trader.
James Bulloch was joined in Liverpool by his much younger half-brother, Irvine Stephens Bulloch (1842-1898). Irvine was also an officer in the CSN. He was the youngest officer on the CSS ALABAMA, and reportedly fired its final shot in the losing battle against the USS KEARSARGE. Irvine also served on the CSN cruisers NASHVILLE and SHENANDOAH.
In 1879, James Bulloch was visited by the son of one of his half-sisters. The nephew's name was Theodore Roosevelt. (Mr. Bulloch was also related to Eleanor Roosevelt). Mr. Roosevelt asked his: "Uncle Jimmie," to write about his experiences, and Bulloch agreed. In 1883, the resulting work was published in two volumes. The title was: "The Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe- or How the Confederate Cruisers Were Equipped."
The Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe: or, How the Confederat
Mr. Bulloch later came to the US under an assumed name and visited his relatives. He returned to Liverpool, where he died in January of 1901. He left a considerable sum of money to his nephew, "Teddy," who had recently been elected Vice President of the United States. Mr. Bulloch did not live to see his nephew become President of the United States, which happened later that year after William McKinley was assassinated.
James Dunwoody Bulloch lies buried in Liverpool, along with his wife, some of his children and his half-brother, Irvine. Mr. Bulloch's tombstone is inscribed: "An American By Birth. An Englishman by Choice."
As an aside, in 1839, James Bulloch's father, Major James Stephens Bulloch, moved his family to Cobb County, GA, where (with Roswell King) he established a cotton mill. The major built his home (Bulloch Hall) in what would become Roswell, GA.
During the Civil War, General Sherman's forces occupied Roswell and, in effect, kidnapped hundreds of female mill workers and sent them north. This topic was previously discussed in the thread linked to below:
Roswell Georgia mill women - General Civil War Talk - Civil War Talk - Civil W
Editing: Bulloch Hall still stands....
Bulloch Hall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This site contains a picture of then President Theodore Roosevelt when he visited Bulloch Hall in 1905. It also contains a statement that he made about his heritage. James Dunwoody Bulloch was not, however, "An admiral in the Confederate service," as Mr. Roosevelt claimed at that time.
Last edited on Thu Mar 14th, 2013 06:41 pm by Texas Defender