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Chambersburg was after the ante had been upped by Hunter's Burning in the Shennandoah. The war took a decidedly more vicious turn in 1864 than it did in 1863 for both sides. I don't think one side was more moral than the other in waging war and not committing war crimes but I think there was more pause and reflection on those issues in 1863 (and even more in 1862) than there was in 1864. It's just the south had fewer opportunites after 1863 to execute operations in the north. Still you see them burning during Early's northern invasion, the plot to burn New York City, St; Alban's Raid, attempts free prisoners, etc.